The National Academies

The National Academies: What You Need To Know About Infectious Disease

What You Need To Know About Infectious Disease

Prevention & Treatment

International Cooperation

National borders are trivial impediments to infectious disease threats. In the highly interconnected and readily traversed global village of our time, one nation’s problem soon becomes every nation’s problem. Therefore, strategies must be implemented worldwide, not just nationally, in order to have a true impact.

Global Surveillance

Global Surveillance

Effective communication networks are key to controlling the spread of infectious disease.

Many international organizations are working together to improve methods for sharing information rapidly and reliably. Learn about some key efforts.

More about global surveillance

Public Health in Developing Nations

Public Health in Developing Nations

For every child who dies from pneumonia in an industrialized country, more than 2,000 children die from the infection in developing countries.

A huge gap exists between the health of people in wealthy and poor nations. Discover the primary causes of the gap and learn how international efforts are striving to narrow it.

More about public health in developing nations

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What do you know about infectious disease?

True or False: Antibiotics work by introducing an agent that resembles a disease-causing microbe, thus stimulating the body's immune system to recognize it as foreign, destroy it, and "remember" it, so that it can more easily identify and destroy any similar, disease-causing microbes that it later encounters.

  • Sorry, that’s incorrect.

    The above describes how vaccines work. Antibiotics work by either killing bacteria or stopping them from reproducing, allowing the body's natural defenses to eliminate the pathogens.

  • Correct!

    The above describes how vaccines work. Antibiotics work by either killing bacteria or stopping them from reproducing, allowing the body's natural defenses to eliminate the pathogens.

Infectious Disease Defined

Sterilization

The process of destroying all forms of life, including infectious agents, from a surface, fluid, or biological medium with the use of heat, chemicals, irradiation, high pressure, filtration, or some combination of these methods.

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