The National Academies: What You Need To Know About Infectious Disease

The National Academies

What You Need To Know About Infectious Disease

Global Infectious Disease Surveillance and Detection: Assessing the Challenges, Finding Solutions—Workshop Summary (2007)

The surveillance and early detection of diseases is critical to the control of both naturally occurring and intentionally dispersed infectious diseases. As different parts of the world become more connected and disease is able to spread more easily through transient humans, animals, and plants, global disease surveillance systems are increasingly vital to maintaining global health. One of the biggest challenges to creating a comprehensive disease surveillance system is gathering information in developing countries that lack the tools and infrastructure needed for traditional disease detection and diagnosis. In December 2006, the Institute of Medicine’s Forum on Microbial Threats hosted a workshop to examine these issues and explore possible ways in which to improve global disease surveillance. Global Infectious Disease Surveillance and Detection summarizes this workshop, in which participants examined current and emerging methods of infectious disease surveillance and detection and discussed opportunities for new tools and methods that could be used in disease reporting and diagnosis. 

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What do you know about infectious disease?

Public health officials can identify the outbreak of disease by monitoring certain patterns of behavior through syndromic surveillance. Which of the following is one of the signs used to identify a disease outbreak using this system?

  • Sorry, that’s incorrect.

    In syndromic surveillance, all of the above are used in addition to other patterns that suggest an outbreak. Despite the emergence of this innovative surveillance method, most surveillance still depends on tracking reported infections. 

  • Sorry, that’s incorrect.

    In syndromic surveillance, all of the above are used in addition to other patterns that suggest an outbreak. Despite the emergence of this innovative surveillance method, most surveillance still depends on tracking reported infections. 

  • Sorry, that’s incorrect.

    In syndromic surveillance, all of the above are used in addition to other patterns that suggest an outbreak. Despite the emergence of this innovative surveillance method, most surveillance still depends on tracking reported infections. 

  • Correct!

    In syndromic surveillance, all of the above are used in addition to other patterns that suggest an outbreak. Despite the emergence of this innovative surveillance method, most surveillance still depends on tracking reported infections.