The National Academies: What You Need To Know About Infectious Disease

The National Academies

What You Need To Know About Infectious Disease

Quarantine Stations at Ports of Entry: Protecting the Public's Health (2005)

Millions of humans, animals, and plants travel across the world daily, sometimes acquiring and carrying infections along the way. Both accidental and intentional spread of disease between countries becomes more of a risk as travel gets easier and international trade and business networks become more complex. In responding to greater risks of the spread of infectious disease, attention is being given to the role of quarantine stations in the United States. In 2004 the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) asked the Institute of Medicine (IOM) to assess the present CDC quarantine stations and provide recommendations for developing a more effective quarantine system. The IOM convened the Committee on Measures to Enhance the Effectiveness of the CDC Quarantine Station Expansion Plan for U.S. Ports of Entry, and their final report, Quarantine Stations at Ports of Entry: Protecting the Public's Health, discusses how the CDC's current system must evolve if it is to protect the nation from microbial threats in the 21st century. 

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What do you know about infectious disease?

True or False: The only way public health agencies can deal with infectious disease is to have good surveillance in place, wait for an outbreak to happen in a human population, and then rush to contain it.

  • Sorry, that’s incorrect.

    By identifying pathogens in the animals where they naturally live and monitoring those organisms as they move from animals into people, it may be possible to prevent deadly new infections of animal origin from entering and racing through human populations.

  • Correct!

    By identifying pathogens in the animals where they naturally live and monitoring those organisms as they move from animals into people, it may be possible to prevent deadly new infections of animal origin from entering and racing through human populations.