The National Academies: What You Need To Know About Energy

The National Academies

What You Need To Know About Energy

Sustainability in the Chemical Industry: Grand Challenges and Research Needs--A Workshop Report (2005)

Based on a workshop held in 2005, this study identifies a set of "Grand Challenges for Sustainability" in chemistry. The focus of the report is on laying the groundwork for a path forward that allows people to meet current environmental and human health, economic, and societal needs without compromising the progress and success of future generations. Among the Challenges are discovering ways to carry out fundamentally new chemical transformations utilizing green and sustainable chemistry and engineering; developing life cycle tools to compare the total environmental impact of products generated from different processing routes and under different operating conditions; deepening our understanding of the formation and emission of toxins during chemical processes; and continuing research on deriving chemicals from biomass.

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Energy Hands-on

What do you know about energy?

True or False: U.S. domestic production of crude oil has declined since around 1970.

  • Correct!

    U.S. domestic production of crude oil peaked around 1970 at about 9.5 million barrels per day (MBD) and declined to about 5.1 MBD by 2006.

  • Sorry, that’s incorrect.

    U.S. domestic production of crude oil peaked around 1970 at about 9.5 million barrels per day (MBD) and declined to about 5.1 MBD by 2006.