The National Academies: What You Need To Know About Energy

The National Academies

What You Need To Know About Energy

Sustainability in the Chemical Industry: Grand Challenges and Research Needs--A Workshop Report (2005)

Based on a workshop held in 2005, this study identifies a set of "Grand Challenges for Sustainability" in chemistry. The focus of the report is on laying the groundwork for a path forward that allows people to meet current environmental and human health, economic, and societal needs without compromising the progress and success of future generations. Among the Challenges are discovering ways to carry out fundamentally new chemical transformations utilizing green and sustainable chemistry and engineering; developing life cycle tools to compare the total environmental impact of products generated from different processing routes and under different operating conditions; deepening our understanding of the formation and emission of toxins during chemical processes; and continuing research on deriving chemicals from biomass.

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Energy Hands-on

What do you know about energy?

In 2008, of the four economic sectors, which used the most energy in the United States?

  • Sorry, that’s incorrect.

    In 2008, industry used 31% of the total energy used; next was transportation at 28%, then residential at 22%, and commercial at 19%.

  • Sorry, that’s incorrect.

    In 2008, industry used 31% of the total energy used; next was transportation at 28%, then residential at 22%, and commercial at 19%.

  • Sorry, that’s incorrect.

    In 2008, industry used 31% of the total energy used; next was transportation at 28%, then residential at 22%, and commercial at 19%.

  • Correct!

    In 2008, industry used 31% of the total energy used; next was transportation at 28%, then residential at 22%, and commercial at 19%.