The National Academies: What You Need To Know About Infectious Disease

The National Academies

What You Need To Know About Infectious Disease

Mumps

The mumps is a contagious viral infection that affects the salivary glands. Before a vaccine was introduced, the mumps was a common illness of childhood. Because most children in the United States receive the MMR (mumps, measles, and rubella) vaccine between the ages of 12 and 15 months, the number of cases has been reduced significantly.

Symptoms
Mumps is spread through contact with the saliva or mucous from an infected person, sharing cups, or touching surfaces contaminated with the virus. Symptoms appear 16 to 18 days after infection and include swollen or tender salivary glands under the ears, fever, headache, muscle aches, fatigue, and loss of appetite.

Treatment
There is no specific treatment for the mumps. Getting plenty of rest, drinking fluids, and staying at home until the symptoms have gone away are the best ways to treat the illness.

Prevention
By far the best way to prevent getting the mumps is to be vaccinated between the ages of 12 and 15 months. It is important, too, to make sure that you receive both doses of the vaccine. The recommendation for two doses was not made until the late 1980s, so anyone born before then should get the second dose now. The only adults who should not be vaccinated are pregnant women, those who have had a life-threatening reaction to gelatin or the antibiotic neomycin, and those with severely compromised immune systems.

Sources:
http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/mumps/DS00125
http://www.cdc.gov/mumps/about/disease-overview.html

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What do you know about infectious disease?

True or False: If you have a cold or the flu, taking antibiotics will help treat the infection.

  • Sorry, that’s incorrect.

    Antibiotics only work on bacterial infections, not viral infections such as influenza and the common cold. In fact, inappropriate use and overuse of antibiotics contributes to the emergence of drug-resistant bacteria. 

  • Correct!

    Antibiotics only work on bacterial infections, not viral infections such as influenza and the common cold. In fact, inappropriate use and overuse of antibiotics contributes to the emergence of drug-resistant bacteria. 

Infectious Disease Defined

Infectious Disease

A type of illness caused by a pathogenic agent, including viruses, bacteria, fungi, protozoa, parasites, or abnormal proteins known as prions.

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