Making the Nation Safer: The Role of Science and Technology in Countering Terrorism (2002)
Vulnerabilities abound in U.S. society. The openness and efficiency of our key infrastructures-transportation, information and telecommunications systems, health systems, the electric power grid, emergency response units, food and water supplies, and others-make them susceptible to terrorist attacks. The report discusses technical approaches to mitigating the vulnerabilities to a number of systems including energy systems. There are recommendations on how to immediately apply existing knowledge and technology to make the nation safer and on starting research and development programs that could produce innovations that will strengthen key systems and protect us against future threats. The book also discusses issues affecting the government’s ability to carry out the necessary science and engineering programs and the important role of industry; universities; and states, counties, and cities in homeland security efforts. A long term commitment to homeland security is necessary to make the nation safer, and this book lays out a roadmap for how science and engineering can assist in countering terrorism.