America’s Energy Future: Summary of a Meeting (2008)
There is a growing sense of national urgency about the role of energy in long-term U.S. economic vitality, national security, and climate change. This urgency is the consequence of many factors, including the rising global demand for energy; the need for long-term security of energy supplies, especially oil; and growing global concerns about carbon dioxide emissions. To address these concerns, in late 2007, the National Academies launched a major initiative, called "America’s Energy Future: Technology Opportunities, Risks, and Tradeoffs." The project began with a two-day summit, during which the National Academies brought together many of the most knowledgeable and influential people working on energy issues today to discuss how we can meet the need for energy without irreparably damaging Earth’s environment or compromising U.S. economic and national security. Over the two-day period, many key people working in the field made presentations summarizing and elaborating on their previous work. Videos of these presentations are available on http://www.nationalacademies.org/energy, the AEF project Web site. This report summarizes what was discussed at the workshop. It is divided according to the summit’s major themes: the current context, a look at energy supplies, a review of the uses of energy, and an examination of how we can meet the energy challenges now facing the nation.